Gelato Network


Sponsored transactions with ERC2771 authentication support
If you are using @gelatonetwork/relay-sdk v3 or contracts from the package @gelatonetwork/relay-context v2 please follow this migration guide to migrate to the new versions.
After reading this page:
  • You'll know how to use the sponsoredCallERC2771 SDK method. This will give your user's a gasless UX requiring a user signature. This uses the 1Balance payment method, allowing you to sponsor some/all of your user's gas costs.
  • You'll learn about how to incorporate ERC2771Context into your contract for _msgSender() support.
  • You'll see some code which will help you send a relay request within minutes.
Please proceed to our Security Considerations page and read it thoroughly before advancing with your implementation. It is crucial to understand all potential security risks and measures to mitigate them.


sponsoredCallERC2771 method utilizes authentication both via sponsor API key and a user's signature (e.g. from MetaMask) to sponsor your user's gasless transaction securely. The payment method is Gelato 1Balance.

SDK Method: sponsoredCallERC2771

const sponsoredCallERC2771 = async (
request: CallWithERC2771Request,
provider: ethers.providers.Web3Provider,
sponsorApiKey: string,
options?: RelayRequestOptions
): Promise<RelayResponse>


  • request: this is the request body used to send a request.
  • provider: a valid provider connected to RPC.
  • sponsorApiKey : an API key used to authenticate your sponsorship.
  • options?: RelayRequestOptions is an optional request object

Return Object: RelayResponse

type RelayResponse = {
taskId: string;

Optional Parameters

Sending a Request

Request Body

const request = {
chainId: BigNumberish;
target: string;
data: BytesLike;
user: string;
userNonce?: BigNumberish;
userDeadline?: BigNumberish;
  • chainId: the chain ID of the chain where the target smart contract is deployed.
  • target: the address of the target smart contract.
  • data: encoded payload data (usually a function selector plus the required arguments) used to call the required target address.
  • user: the address of the user's EOA.
  • userNonce: optional, this is a nonce similar to Ethereum nonces, stored in a local mapping on the relay contracts. It is used to enforce nonce ordering of relay calls, if the user requires it. Otherwise, this is an optional parameter and if not passed, the relay-SDK will automatically query on-chain for the current value.
  • userDeadline: optional, the amount of time in seconds that a user is willing for the relay call to be active in the relay backend before it is dismissed.
    • This way the user knows that if the transaction is not sent within a certain timeframe, it will expire. Without this, an adversary could pick up the transaction in the mempool and send it later. This could transfer money, or change state at a point in time which would be highly undesirable to the user.

Example Code

For your testing, Gelato has deployed a simple contract which implements logic to increment a counter with ERC2771 support.
  • CounterERC2771.sol: deployed at address 0x00172f67db60E5fA346e599cdE675f0ca213b47b on these networks.
CounterERC2771.sol's counter is special because it implements ERC-2771's _msgSender authentication to allow for secure whitelisting based on the identity of the original off-chain relay request originator, which has been verified using a user signature.
Furthermore, to set your trusted forwarder, you need the address for GelatoRelay1BalanceERC2771.sol that you can find here.

1. Deploy an ERC2771Context compatible contract

// SPDX-License-Identifier: MIT
pragma solidity 0.8.17;
import {
} from "@gelatonetwork/relay-context/contracts/vendor/ERC2771Context.sol";
// Importing ERC2771Context gives access to:
// 1. An immutable trusted forwarder address
// 2. function isTrustedForwarder
// to verify an input address matches the trustedForwarder address
// 3. function _msgSender()
// which decodes the user's address from the calldata
// _msgSender() can now be used to refer to user safely
// instead of msg.sender (which is Gelato Relay in this case).
// 4. function _msgData()
// which decodes the function signature from the calldata
contract CounterERC2771 is ERC2771Context {
// Here we have a mapping that maps a counter to an address
mapping(address => uint256) public contextCounter;
event IncrementContextCounter(address _msgSender);
// ERC2771Context: setting the immutable trustedForwarder variable
constructor(address trustedForwarder) ERC2771Context(trustedForwarder) {}
// `incrementContext` is the target function to call
// This function increments a counter variable which is
// mapped to every _msgSender(), the address of the user.
// This way each user off-chain has their own counter
// variable on-chain.
function incrementContext() external {
// Remember that with the context shift of relaying,
// where we would use `msg.sender` before,
// this now refers to Gelato Relay's address,
// and to find the address of the user,
// which has been verified using a signature,
// please use _msgSender()!
// If this contract was not not called by the
// trusted forwarder, _msgSender() will simply return
// the value of msg.sender instead.
// Incrementing the counter mapped to the _msgSender!
// Emitting an event for testing purposes
emit IncrementContextCounter(_msgSender());

2. Import GelatoRelaySDK into your front-end .js project

import { GelatoRelay, SponsoredCallERC2771Request } from "@gelatonetwork/relay-sdk";
const relay = new GelatoRelay();

3. Send the payload to Gelato

This is an example using Gelato's CounterERC2771.sol which is deployed on these networks.
// Set up on-chain variables, such as target address
const counter = "0xEEeBe2F778AA186e88dCf2FEb8f8231565769C27";
const abi = ["function incrementContext()"];
const provider = new ethers.providers.Web3Provider(window.ethereum);
const signer = provider.getSigner();
const user = signer.getAddress();
// Generate the target payload
const contract = new ethers.Contract(counter, abi, signer);
const { data } = await contract.populateTransaction.incrementContext();
// Populate a relay request
const request: CallWithERC2771Request = {
target: counter;
data: data;
user: user;
// Without a specific API key, the relay request will fail!
// Go to to get a testnet API key with 1Balance.
// Send a relay request using Gelato Relay!
const relayResponse = await relay.sponsoredCallERC2771(request, provider, apiKey);

NB: Concurrency Support

It is important to mention that in the current implementation, the userNonce abstraction does not allow for multiple calls or call concurrency:
  • For example, if a user sends three relay calls in a row, and one of them is reverted, the userNonce mapping is still incremented, exactly as in the EVM.
  • In this case, the next two transactions, which may have relied on the previous one modifying some state, will still match the user’s specific userNonce, and this could cause the next two transactions to fail.
  • To implement multi-calls, this would have to be handled by the target smart contract via encoding into calldata.